Among the many truly remarkable properties of M-theory, that it is a unified theory of all interactions, including quantum gravity, and gives a completely well-defined analytic S-matrix satisfying all the axioms for a physically acceptable theory entailing Lorentz invariance, macro-causality and unitarity is perhaps the deepest, and to boot, the only quantum gravity paradigm that has that essential feature. Here, I will discuss some key aspects of nonlocality and space-time uncertainty in string theory. Let us start with an action smoothly interpolating between the area preserving Schild action and the fully reparametrization invariant Nambu–Goto action:
where is an auxiliary world-sheet field, the induced metric on the string Euclidean world-sheet , and is the string tension. Combining, we get the Nambu-Goto-Schild action:
And to make the Nambu-Goto-Schild action quadratic in space-time coordinates, we use the Virasoro constraint and an auxiliary field that transforms as a world-sheet scalar and as an anti-symmetric tensor with respect to the space-time indices:
Before proceeding, let us get some clarity.